Methanol is used as a strategic product in the production of many end products such as solvents, paints, plastics and antifreezes. The variety of methanol derivatives and its use in various industries, has made this product as a strategic commodity and therefore its price fluctuations affect many manufacturing industries. Most of the methanol produced in the world is used to produce formaldehydes, acetic acid and MTBE.
It is used as an antifreeze, solvent and fuel. Methanol is also used to convert ethanol, this action is done in order to make the ethanol produced for industrial use non-drinkable (in Islamic countries for religious issues and in other countries to Other substances such as peridine and turpentine are also used for tax exemption.
Methanol is used sparingly as a fuel in engines with internal combustion systems. Methanol produced from wood and other organic compounds is called organic methanol or bioalcohol, which is a renewable source of fuel and can replace crude oil derivatives. However, 100% bioalcohol cannot be used in diesel cars without changing the engine. Methanol is used as a solvent, antifreeze and in the preparation of other chemical compounds.
40% of the methanol produced is used to make formaldehyde, which is also used to make plastics, plywood, paints and explosives. To change the nature of industrial ethanol and prevent its use as a beverage, some methanol is added to it. Dimethyl ether is a methanol derivative used as a propellant in atrocell sprays instead of CFCs. Other applications of methanol include switches and sockets and various types of industrial adhesives. Also production of formaldehydes (formalin) for home use and production of various resins. In the production of various kitchen utensils and equipment, cameras and the production of methyl methacrylate for the production of various laminates and varnishes.
Also in the production of acetic acid and its use as a final product or use to prepare cellulose acetate for a variety of fibers and fabrics with special applications